August 16, 2022

Scientists recently found that a total of 594 new organisms, including three species not previously found in Korea and 124 species not previously found in or around Dokdo Island, live in the waters and islands of eastern Korea and flourish sea.

The National Institute of Ecology announced on September 23 that it had confirmed the existence of these newly found life forms following an investigation from April last year to April this year. The institute studied the ecology around Dokdo Island, the first island to be protected by the Korean government for its ecological and geographic importance. 

Such a study of the Dokdo ecosystem is carried out every five years according to the “second basic plan of the Ministry of Environment for the preservation of islands with ecological and geographical values”. The institute’s scientists studied the geography, vegetation, flora, tidal currents, insects, mammals, fungi, marine invertebrates and marine algae, and all four seasons of the area.

The 594 organisms living on or around Dokdo Island as a result of this research include 62 species of flora including bryophytes, 70 species of birds including eight endangered wild species, one mammal species, 35 insect species, and 191 species of oceanic invertebrates, 230 species of marine algae and five species of Mushrooms.

The three species so far not registered as living in Korea are oceanic invertebrates, including the animals from the  Paranamixis  ,  Peramphithoe,  and  Sunamphitoe  Genera. The life forms that have not yet been registered as living on or around Dokdo are 124 types of  arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi  , 64 types of marine algae, 48 types of marine invertebrates, three types of plants, three types of insects, and one type of bird.