Global energy demand is increasing and conventional energy sources such as coal and oil are being depleted, and in the future, renewable resources will play an important role. The development of clean and sustainable energy technologies is essential to avoid an impending climate crisis. A worthy investment option is Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) technology with the ability to provide around 7% of the world’s projected total electricity demand by 2030 and 25% by 2050 (high energy saving, high energy – efficiency scenario) . Various concentrators available in the present study were explored.
Countries around the world have recognized the potential of CSPs and numerous factories are being planned and built with government-provided incentives. The Indian states of Rajasthan and Gujarat have the potential to apply CSP technology extensively to harness solar resources. The initiative, initiated by the Indian government in 2008 with the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM) and complemented by state solar policies passed by the states of Rajasthan and Gujarat, will go a long way in establishing CSPs in the solar sector. of India’s upcoming energy demand.
Concentrated solar power generation is a technology that complements PV. A collector is used to provide high-temperature heat to a conventional power cycle. Efficient and inexpensive thermal energy storage technology can be integrated into CSP systems to produce electricity according to demand profiles. The CSP system can also avoid the “shadow power plant capacity” needed to secure generating capacity during periods of no sunlight or wind, and can provide grid services and also provide a black-start function if desired. This supports a high percentage penetration of intermittent renewable sources such as wind or PV and avoids a high percentage of expensive electricity storage technologies in the grid system.