July 7, 2022
Agriculture Analytics
Agriculture Analytics

Summary:-

Humanity faces the great challenge of increasing agricultural production to achieve food security in the 21st century and to feed a population that is expected to grow to 10 billion people. This must be done while maintaining sustainable agricultural systems while confronting challenges such as a changing climate, depletion of water resources, and the potential for increased erosion and productivity losses due to the occurrence of extreme weather events. Precision farming emerged from advances in the 1980s due to the development of several key technologies such as GPS and satellite imagery. This paper argues that with the increasing impacts of climate change, the next revolution in precision agriculture and farming in general will be driven by Sustainable Precision Agriculture and Environment (SPAE, similar to the 7 Rs), which could leverage previous technologies combined with big data analysis. This new, technology-oriented SPAE shifts from a site-specific management focus to the notion of global sustainability. To achieve this transition, we adopted the WebGIS framework as an organizing principle that combines local, site-specific data generators, called smart farms, with a regional and global view of agriculture that can support both agribusiness and government policymakers. This will help integrate databases residing in networks of networks into a system of systems to achieve the required SPAE management and link field, watershed, national and global sustainability. Automation and the use of artificial intelligence (AI), Internet of Things (IoT), drones, robots and big data will serve as the basis for a global “digital twin” that will help develop site-specific protection and management practices that will generate income and increase the global sustainability of agricultural systems.

Precision farming emerged in the 1980s due to the development of several key technologies as a way to improve margin through cost management of inputs while improving yield. The development of precision preservation practices began in the early 2000s. New technologies such as GPS, satellite imagery and new methods of genetic modification in the green revolution have represented a disruption in agriculture not seen since the introduction of the first successful commercial tractor in the early 1900’s and the green revolution between 1950 and late has 1960s. With the increasing impact of climate change, this paper has argued that the next revolution in precision agriculture will be driven by SPAE, which could leverage previous technologies combined with big data analytics. Among other positive impacts, SPAE will contribute to increased yields and profits, improved adaptation to a changing climate, increased sustainability of agricultural systems and increased off-field and cross-watershed sustainability, reduce nutrient transport across watersheds, and contribute to global sustainability .