Biofuel for aviation is technically feasible and approaching the commercial phase. In the last decade, biofuels have evolved from relative obscurity to a point where certain fuel types have been fully certified for commercial use in up to 50% blends with standard jet fuel, and commercial partnerships have been established between airlines and biofuel manufacturers. But despite numerous successful test flights, biofuels for aviation are not yet widespread. Based on the results of in-depth interviews with leading global biofuel stakeholders conducted between October and December 2011, this paper identifies and examines the perceived factors influencing the market development of aviation biofuels. The paper illustrates that market development is being driven by the combined impact of rising kerosene prices, the potential future impact of emissions legislation and fuel (un)safety concerns. However, commercialization is constrained by high production costs, limited availability of suitable raw materials, uncertainty in defining the sustainability criteria, and a perceived lack of national and international political and political support for aviation biofuel. The implications of these findings for commercial aviation and the future development of the global aviation biofuels market are discussed.
Air transport describes an inevitable part in the day to day life of the modern world. It is highly responsible for the worldwide social contacts and business developments. The use of petroleum fuels as energy source for air transport is not sustainable. Aviation is one of the leading contributors to the total greenhouse gas emissions. Also, the fossil fuel prices are becoming more volatile day by day. So it is very essential to introduce and industrialize alternative aviation fuels generated from renewable resources, especially biomass. A number of industrial commitments and collaborations have emerged to find alternative ways to reach bio aviation fuels. Research on the conversion of biomass based sources to bio jet fuels is of current interest. The main concern is the production of bio-jet fuel, from renewable resources, with relatively low greenhouse gas life cycle and sustainability with affordable price. The present paper overviews the opportunities and challenges in the development of alternative fuels for aviation. The production process, feedstock used and the most promising global projects are also review