Later smart cards used MOS integrated circuit chips along with MOS memory technologies such as flash memory and EEPROM (Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory).
A smart card chip contains a microprocessor and/or memory. Similar to smart cards and credit cards, but embedded in portable devices used in applications such as banking and healthcare.
A smart card, chip card, or integrated circuit card (ICC or IC card) is a physical electronic authentication device used to control access to resources. A plastic card the size of a credit card, typically with an integrated circuit (IC) chip embedded in it. Many smart cards include a metal contact pattern for electrical connection to an internal chip. The rest are contactless, some are both. Smart cards can provide personal identification, authentication, data storage, and application processing. Applications include identification, finance, mobile phone (SIM), public transport, computer security, school, and healthcare.
Smart card chips contain a microprocessor and/or memory. They are embedded in smart cards and in portable devices that resemble credit cards but are used in applications such as banking and health care.
Identification and validation technologies have grown tremendously over the past year in healthcare, pharmaceuticals, government and education, and we expect demand to continue to grow,” said Manfred Mueller, Identiv COO and GM Identity. “By working with chip makers like WISeKey, we can make the strongest data security even more convenient, especially for industries that need it most, in the healthcare sector. Our technology allows clinicians to focus their time and attention on patients rather than complex logins.
Many countries are adopting smart card solutions, particularly in transportation, BFSI, retail, government and healthcare sectors, due to powerful financial systems becoming increasingly digital and government agencies integrating smart chip-based systems for better process monitoring.
The smart card itself is usually powered by an external source, such as a smart card reader. Smart cards communicate with readers through direct physical contact or using RFID or other short-range wireless connection standards. A chip or processor on the card contains data that the card reader accesses.