June 29, 2022
Nanotechnology Textile
Nanotechnology Textile


Nanotechnology is considered one of the most promising technologies of the 21st century. Nanoscience, along with nanotechnology, encompasses the study and application of very small things, and can be used in all other scientific fields, including physics, chemistry, biology, materials science, and engineering. This technique overcomes the disadvantages of applying traditional methods to impart certain properties to textile materials. There is no hesitation that nanotechnology will penetrate all areas of the textile industry in the future. The field of application of nanotechnology in modern textiles is to combine innovative principles into long-lasting, multifunctional textile structures without compromising the inherent properties of textiles such as aesthetics, breathability and flexibility. The current state of the use of nanotechnology in the textile sector is reviewed as follows. It focuses on improving the various properties of fibers.

The use of nanotechnology in the textile industry has increased rapidly due to its unique and valuable assets . There is significant potential for profitable applications of nanotechnology in the cotton and other textile industries. Its application can economically expand the properties and value of textile processing and products. Nanotechnology allows fibers to be multifunctional and to produce fabrics with special functions including antibacterial, UV protection, easy to clean, water repellent and stain resistant and odor resistant. The future success of nanotechnology in textile applications lies in the area where new principles are combined into durable, versatile textile systems without compromising intrinsic textile properties, including processability, flexibility, etc. This study highlights the application of nanotechnology in the textile industry. It focuses on improving the various properties of fibers.

The potential of nanotechnology innovation in the textile industry is vast and promising. Major innovations in new nano-based fiber finishes have been documented over the past two decades. In this report, we present an overview of nanotechnology developments highlighted in the research literature related to textile materials. The features discussed span a wide array including self-cleaning, electrical conductivity, antibacterial efficacy, thermal stability and flame retardancy, thermal control, and selective permeability/adsorption. We review both particle and fiber structures proposed to confer these functions at the nanoscale. Among the most notable particle structures, we discuss various bio-based nanomaterials including carbon nanotubes (CNTs), nanodiamonds, nanoclays, various metal nanoparticles such as silver and titanium dioxide (TiO2), cellulose nanocrystals, and chitosan. It then reviews the main approaches that can be used to process nanofibers and discusses their properties related to textile and apparel applications.